DISCOURSE ANALYISIS OF INTERJECTIONS USED IN THE FILM “SCHOOL OF ROCK
This research paper is written to know the meaning and function of interjections used in the film “School of Rock”. The writer wants to find the actual meaning of interjections that are uttered by the characters in the film “School of Rock” and knowing what are their functions. The object of this study is the interjections that are uttered by the characters in the film “School of Rock”. Data of this study is the interjections that are taken from the character’s conversation in the film “School of Rock”. The data source of this study consists of two sources. The primary data is the character’s conversation in the film “School of Rock”. The secondary data is the translation text that is written in Indonesian language.
In analyzing the data the writer uses theories of discourse analysis. By using speech act, he finds the intention of the speaker in using interjection then describes the actual meaning of such interjection using pragmatic approach, and classifies their meaning concerns to the categorization of illocutionary act by Searle. He uses the categorization of language function that adopted from Jacobson’s framework to know the function of interjections uttered by the character in the film “School of Rock”. In this study the writer uses descriptive analysis method.
After analyzing the data, he finds out the conclusion that the interjections uttered by the character in the film “School of Rock” represent all of the meaning categorization based on illocutionary act by Searle that are assertive, directive, commisive, expressive and declarative meaning. He also finds that those interjections have emotive, conative, metalingual, phatic, poetic and referential functions of language.
Human beings spend a large part of their lives engaging in conversation and for most of them conversation is among their most significant and engrossing activities. In conversation, language has important role in conveying message from some body to others. As stated by Kramsch language is the principle means whereby we conduct our social lives (1998:3). This is also stated by Martinet that the essential function of language is for communication (1964:18).
It is true that most people make conversation use language during their lives. Every language consists of sounds and sound pattern, basic unit of meaning or words, and rules to combine them to form new sentences. Those elements constitute the grammar of the language. Therefore, to understand a language, people have to know its grammar. But in conversation sometimes people used utterances that grammatically have no connection with the previous or next sentences, they use it to express their feeling or performing a certain sense, it is called interjection. Interjection is one of English eight word classes besides noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition and conjunction.
De Boer defined an interjection as a word that expresses emotion or feeling and has no grammatical relation to the other words in sentence (1982: 306). The word “interjection” literally means “something thrown in between” from the Latin inter (“between”) and jacer (“throw”). An interjection, sometimes called a filled pause, a part of speech that usually has no grammatical connection to the rest of the sentence and simply expresses emotion on the part of the speaker, although most interjections have clear definitions. Interjections are uninfected function words that express the attitude or emotion of the speaker. They are used when the speaker encounters events that cause some emotions, such as unexpectedly, painfully, surprisingly or in many other sudden ways. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interjection)
In daily conversation consciously or unconsciously we always involve interjection in it. They are used when the speaker encounters events that cause these emotions: unexpectedly, painfully, surprisingly or in many other sudden ways. For example when someone is finding something they spontaneously said Aha!, as well as when someone surprising or astonishing about something happened with uttering Wow! or Oh my God!
Interjections are so complex. Sometimes people make the variation of interjection according to the sense of their emotion. Ouch express more sense than Oh, although it is based on the same interjection and expressed the same emotion. In the other hand an interjection can expressed several kinds of emotion. People use Oh my God to express several kinds of emotion such as astonishment, unexpectedly or maybe painfully. It is concerned with the context of the situation of utterance.
This study concerns with the discourse analysis of interjections that are expressed by the characters in a film entitled “School of Rock”. As everybody knows, in a film there are character’s conversations that involve interjection to give more sense in the character expression of their feeling, moreover using interjection will not make the dialogue looks clumsy. There are several interjections that can be used as a response to an identical situation. The interesting point is that there are many interjections based on the same word but it represents several kinds of expression. It concerns from the context of utterance, for example:
1. Oh, that’s really rock in! (astonishment)
2. Oh, why don’t you get a job? (disappointment)
3. Oh, so you’ll kick me out of the band? (discomfort/angry)
4. Oh, look… take a look! (amazement)
Interjection commonly is an utterance that semantically has no meaning, it also can be a phrase or sentence as well as word. Many grammarians regard interjections as a class of word that is unproductive, but as the writer forwards, interjection could execute an important role in a discourse with its simple and short expression.
In this study the writer analyzes the discourse of interjections uttered by the characters in the film entitled “School of Rock” by using speech act theory and pragmatics approach. Knowing the context of utterance is the basic need in understanding the function and meaning of interjections those are uttered by the speaker. So, the most appropriate theories in analyzing the discourse of interjections are speech act theory and pragmatics.