The Ability of the Third Year Students of SMAN 1 TANRALILI MAROS to Comprehend the Meaning of Unfamilliar Words through Context
The Objective of the research is to find out the ability of the students in comprehending the meaning of unfamiliar words through context clues and the factors influence it.
The researcher applied a descriptive method. The population of this research was the third year students of SMA Negeri 1 Tanralili Maros in academic year 2008-2009. The researcher used purposive sampling by taking class III Exact I that was consisting of 30 students because it was simple and didn’t spend a lot of time.The data collected through the research were firstly tabulated and then analysed into percentage.
From the result of data analysis, the researcher concludes that the students have very poor ability to comprehend the meaning of unfamiliar words through context clues.Then the factors influence the students to comprehend the meaning of unfamiliar words through context clues are : the lack of vocabulary of the students,the less attention toward context clues to identify the words’ meanings,and the lack of guidance to analyse context clues when encountered difficult words.
Vocabulary is one of the important things in learning English. Learning vocabulary for young learners is fundamental because the ability of the students to learn English especially to read as well as to comprehend the subject is determined by vocabulary competence. If the learners have no or lack of vocabulary, the ability to communicate and to convey their need could not be established.
Beside that, vocabulary is one of the important elements in building up English. It is impossible to express our ideas, emotion, feeling, and desire without vocabulary. The mastery of vocabulary becomes very essential for the students to learn a language as a foreign language.
In reading textbook, sometimes the students cannot transfer their skill and when they find unfamiliar English words they become frustrated. They find themselves immensely frustrated since they may encounter several words in single sentences whose meaning they are unsure of they stop at each unfamiliar word, afraid to go on for fear of missing something.
It is quite impossible to know the exact meaning of all the words in English. Of course, we can look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary, but it is time consuming to do so. Every time students stumble up on a difficult word. Another way to find out the meaning of the words is by asking a fluent English speaker what a word means. However, probably they might not be at hand when needed. In addition, sometimes students cannot even guarantee that the person they asked knows the meaning of unfamiliar words.
A good reader who is eager to get information from the passage he reads can use the available context clues to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words that may block his comprehension. It is best to try to figure out the meaning of unknown word from the words around it, called as context in a sentence, paragraph or passage. That is an effective way to develop the students’ vocabulary and increase their comprehension by using context clues to deduce the meaning of unfamiliar words.
Some Students read without any specific method for remembering new words. They do not pay particular attention to the difficult words and structure, but they just skip over the words that they cannot understand.
Based on the statement above, the writer conduct a research under the tittle “The Ability of the Third Year Students of SMAN 1 TANRALILI MAROS to Comprehend the Meaning of Unfamilliar Words through Context Clues”.